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Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC), 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a brain injury each year.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury—or TBI?

TBI occurs as the result from a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Categories for TBI are:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Penetrating

The most common form of TBI in the military is mild, and is also known as a concussion.

According to Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, from 2000-2019 (Q1-Q3), more than 413,858 service members have been diagnosed with TBI.

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Headaches Following Concussion/mTBI Fact Sheet

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7/30/2020

Although each headache is different, identifying common causes, or triggers, is important for health care providers and patients to determine appropriate treatment. This fact sheet provides non-drug options to help those diagnosed with a mild TBI and associated post-traumatic headache (PTH) manage symptoms.

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Ways to Improve Your Memory Following Concussion/mTBI Fact Sheet

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7/30/2020

This fact sheet can be used by health care providers to educate patients with concussion/mild traumatic brain injury on how to manage memory problems related to their injury.

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TBI Awareness Fact Sheet

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7/30/2020

This fact sheet describes the main causes of traumatic brain injury and the importance of prompt and proper treatment.

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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) Frequently Asked Questions

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7/30/2020

This fact sheet provides answers and information to commonly asked questions about chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

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Concussion/Mild TBI Signs and Symptoms Fact Sheet

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7/30/2020

This fact sheet identifies major physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms of concussion and provides coping and recovery tips.

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Cognitive Rehabilitation Following Mild to Moderate TBI - Referring Provider Resource

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7/30/2020

This document answers common questions that referring providers may have, such as how to determine if a patient is having cognitive difficulties or whether the patient is a good candidate for cognitive rehabilitation.

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Head Injury and Dizziness Fact Sheet

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7/30/2020

This fact sheet can be used by health care providers to educate patients with concussion/mild TBI on how to manage dizziness related to their injury.

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Cognitive Rehabilitation Following Mild to Moderate TBI Clinical Recommendation - Short

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7/30/2020

This short version of the Cognitive Rehabilitation Following Mild to Moderate TBI Clinical Recommendation provides an at-a-glance overview of the full-length version for quick access and use on the job.

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Recurrent Concussion Evaluation

Publication
7/30/2020

The Recurrent Concussion Evaluation card is designed to guide providers in the management of patients with a history of three or more documented concussions within a 12-month span.

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Concussion/Mild TBI Signs and Symptoms Spanish Version Fact Sheet

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7/30/2020

This fact sheet — in Spanish — identifies major physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms of concussion/mild TBI, and provides coping and recovery tips.

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Cognitive Rehabilitation for Following Mild to Moderate TBI Clinical Recommendation - Full

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7/30/2020

This clinical recommendation is broken down into three primary categories: Modifications for Service Members and Veterans; Interventions and Strategies to Address Cognitive Dysfunction; and, Delivery of Rehabilitation for Patients with Cognitive Challenges. Each category contains clinical recommendations, the background and rationale behind them, evidence review references, and clinical resources.

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Assessment and Management of Dizziness Associated with Mild TBI Clinical Recommendation

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7/30/2020

The Assessment and Management of Dizziness Associated with Mild TBI Clinical Recommendation and Clinical Support Tool provide primary care providers with an approach to evaluate dizziness following mild TBI and offers guidance on referral for further vestibular evaluation and care.

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Concussion Management Tool

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7/30/2020

The CMT revises and replaces the 2012 Concussion Management Algorithm and the 2014 Army Concussion Management in the Garrison Setting Algorithm. The CMT replaces the prior CMA to better align with the current MACE 2, Progressive Return to Activity, and DVBIC clinical recommendations.

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Concussion/mTBI and PTSD Fact Sheet

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7/30/2020

This fact sheet defines concussion/mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder and explains how overlapping symptoms often occur. It also describes why it’s important to seek out treatment for both conditions and provides helpful advice on what to tell your family and friends to help in the recovery process.

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Military Acute Concussion Evaluation 2 (MACE 2)

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7/30/2020

The 2018 Military Acute Concussion Evaluation 2 (MACE 2) is an acute assessment tool for all medically trained personnel who treat service members involved in a potentially concussive event. The MACE 2 incorporates current state-of-the-science traumatic brain injury information, including vestibular-ocular-motor screening. The MACE 2 is an update to and replaces the original MACE.

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