Back to Top Skip to main content Skip to sub-navigation

Be proactive in looking for early signs of testicular cancer

Image of Military health personnel giving and examination. Air Force 2nd Lt. Kylee Bolinder (left), 60th Inpatient Squadron nurse, cleans a power port on Nicholas Pilch, 60th Air Mobility Wing. Pilch underwent chemotherapy for testicular cancer in 2020. It is important for servicemen to do monthly self-exams to screen for early signs of testicular cancer. While rare, testicular cancer is most prevalent among men between the ages of 15-34 (Photo by: Nicholas Pilch, 60th Air Mobility Wing Public Affairs).

Recommended Content:

Medical and Dental Preventive Care Fitness | Men's Health | April | Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month

Testicular Cancer Week is an important time to remind service members to be proactive in their health.

According to Navy Lt. Cmdr. (Dr.) Dorota Hawksworth, a urologist at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, testicular cancer is very rare, but is most common amongst males between 15 and 34 years of age, the age bracket of many military members.

Testicular cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles. While the diagnosis of cancer can be frightening, testicular cancer can usually be cured.

"Many men have no known risk factors," said Hawksworth, "the known risk factors [for testicular cancer] can't be changed."

These risk factors include a personal history of undescended testicle or prior testicular cancer, family history of testicular cancer, HIV infection, diagnosis of Klinefelter's disease, age, race, and ethnicity, Hawksworth noted. White males develop testicular cancer at a rate four times higher than that of Black males, according to cancer.gov.

Testicular cancer can be detected early through screenings both at home and by a doctor.

"Screening means looking for cancer before person has any symptoms. This process is performed differently, depending on the type of cancer," said Hawksworth.

Testicular cancer however has no standard routine or screening. According to Hawksworth, most testicular cancers are found by a man or his partner, either by chance or by a self-screening.

Self-exams should be performed monthly and in a warm environment such as a bath or shower to allow the scrotum to be more "relaxed," Hawksworth noted. Then each testis should be felt separately, using both hands to ensure that the contour is even and smooth with an egg-like shape with both testes about the same size.

If during a self-exam a patient finds a nodule or hard mass on or around the testicle, a size change, or difference in one or both testes, pain, or if the patient "thinks" he feels something and is unsure, he should seek medical attention urgently.

According to Hawksworth, most tumors present with a painless mass or swelling in one or sometimes both testes. Testicular pain only occurs in about 10% of men with testicular cancer. Men may have systemic, as opposed to localized, pain, "they may complain about breast swelling, back pain, or an abnormal pain or mass," said Hawksworth.

If caught early enough, many testicular cancers can be removed through surgery. According to cancer.gov, testicular cancer has a 95% five-year survival rate.

You also may be interested in...

Men's Health Month - Taking Charge

Infographic
6/1/2022
Men's Health Month - Taking Charge

June is #MensHealthMonth. Your strength is rooted in your health and well-being, so #BeStrong and make sure you’re staying up to date on all health screenings and tests. www.health.mil/menshealth

Recommended Content:

June | Medical and Dental Preventive Care Fitness | Men's Health

Men's Health Month - Stigma

Infographic
6/1/2022
Men's Health Month - Stigma

#DYK? Men are 2x less likely than women to use preventive health care services. You can be the one to fight the stigma. Take action and schedule your recommended health screenings ASAP. #TakeChargeofYourHealth #MensHealthMonth www.health.mil/menshealth

Recommended Content:

June | Medical and Dental Preventive Care Fitness | Men's Health

Men's Health Month - Screening

Infographic
6/1/2022
Men's Health Month - Screening

Not all illnesses and injuries demonstrate symptoms immediately. This #MensHealthMonth, be sure to ask your doctor which screenings might be right for you. #TakeChargeofYourHealth www.health.mil/menshealth

Recommended Content:

June | Medical and Dental Preventive Care Fitness | Men's Health

Anyone Can Experience Sexual Assault

Infographic
4/8/2022
Anyone Can Experience Sexual Assault

All members of the military community deserve to work and live in a respectful, inclusive environment while serving our nation. Anyone can experience sexual assault or hazing that crosses the line. It takes courage for anyone to report sexual assault. Learn more at the DOD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office Men’s SAPR Campaign site: https://www.sapr.mil/mens-sapr-campaign #SAAPM #SexualAssault #PreventAssault #TreatmentCanHelp #StepForward

Recommended Content:

Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month | Sexual Trauma

SAAPM Main

Infographic
4/8/2022
SAAPM Main

April is Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month. This month, members of the military community are encouraged to enact the 2022 SAAPM theme: STEP FORWARD. Prevent. Report. Advocate. This is a call to action for individuals at all levels of the DOD to use their personal strength to advance positive change in preventing and reporting sexual violence. We ask that you join us in taking a #StepForward by highlighting acts that bolster prevention, increase reporting, and promote advocacy for a safer DOD community. #SAAPM #SexualAssault #PreventAssault #TreatmentCanHelp #StepForward https://www.sapr.mil/

Recommended Content:

Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month | Sexual Trauma

SAAPM Logo

Infographic
4/8/2022
SAAPM Logo

April is Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month.

Recommended Content:

Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month | Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month

SAAPM: Safe Helpline

Infographic
4/8/2022
SAAPM: Safe Helpline

If you have experienced sexual assault, help is available. Contact the DOD Safe Helpline at 877-995-5247 to receive anonymous and confidential support and obtain information on your reporting options. #SAAPM #SexualAssault #PreventAssault #StepForward https://safehelpline.org/

Recommended Content:

Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month | Sexual Trauma

SAAPM Be There

Infographic
4/8/2022
SAAPM Be There

It takes courage for anyone to report a sexual assault. Be there to help someone and you can make a real difference. www.Safehelpline.org, 877-995-5247 #SAAPM #SexualAssault #PreventAssault #TreatmentCanHelp #StepForward

Recommended Content:

Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month | Sexual Trauma

Autism Awareness Month

Infographic
3/15/2022
Autism Awareness Month

It’s #AutismAwarenessMonth! We can all work to make room for more inclusivity and tolerance with just a little patience, understanding and education.

Recommended Content:

April

Sports Eye Safety Month: Eye Injuries

Infographic
3/15/2022
Sports Eye Safety Month: Eye Injuries

#DYK? 14.7% of eye injuries occur during sports. Take care of your eyesight and ensure you’re protecting your eyes during strenuous physical activity.

Recommended Content:

April | Hearing Center of Excellence | Vision and Hearing Loss Prevention

National Drug Take Back Day

Infographic
3/15/2022
National Drug Take Back Day

Today is #NationalDrugTakeBack - Too often, unused prescription drugs find their way into the wrong hands. Prevent drug addiction and overdose deaths by disposing of your drugs at a collection site near you.

Recommended Content:

April | Drug Take Back Program

Army Reserve Birthday

Infographic
3/15/2022
Army Reserve Birthday

Happy 114th Birthday to the U.S. Army Reserve! Thank you all for your service and continued devotion.

Recommended Content:

April

National Military Brats Day

Infographic
3/15/2022
National Military Brats Day

Military Brats are children who often have to move schools, towns, and homes for the sake of their parents’ military service. This #NationalMilitaryBratsDay, celebrate your child and honor the sacrifices they make that often go unnoticed.

Recommended Content:

April

Public Health Week

Infographic
3/15/2022
Public Health Week

Today is #NationalPublicHealthWeek! After experiencing a pandemic first-hand, we can probably all agree public health is a vital concern. Thank you to all those doctors, nurses, and researchers who are working hard towards building bridges to better health!

Recommended Content:

April | Public Health

National Volunteer Week

Infographic
3/15/2022
National Volunteer Week

It’s #NationalVolunteerWeek! Challenge yourself to find a cause you’re passionate about and get out there and make a difference – you’ll be glad you did!

Recommended Content:

April
<< < 1 2 3 4 > >> 
Showing results 1 - 15 Page 1 of 4
Refine your search
Last Updated: March 24, 2022

DHA Address: 7700 Arlington Boulevard | Suite 5101 | Falls Church, VA | 22042-5101

Some documents are presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). A PDF reader is required for viewing. Download a PDF Reader or learn more about PDFs.